RajaRajeswari College of Physiotherapy celebrates ‘Sarojini Naidu’s Birth Anniversary’ on 13th February 2021 marking this special day of observance.
Sarojini Naidu (13 February 1879 – 2 March 1949) was an Indian political activist and poet. Today is the 142nd birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu, who was named the ‘Nightingale of India’ by Mahatma Gandhi for her beautiful poetry. Sarojini Naidu became the face of women’s empowerment in India. She played a key movement during India’s freedom struggle. A firm believer of Satyagraha and a close follower of Mahatma Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu was the first woman president of the Indian National Congress and also the first woman governor in India. In 1929, she was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British for her contribution during the plague epidemic in the country.
Sarojini Naidu was a child prodigy. She was barely twelve years old, when she wrote a 1300-line poem ‘Lady of the Lake’ in six days.
A proponent of civil rights, women’s emancipation, and anti-imperialistic ideas, she was an important figure in India’s struggle for independence from colonial rule. Naidu’s work as a poet earned her the sobriquet ‘the Nightingale of India’, or ‘Bharat Kokila’ by Mahatma Gandhi because of colour, imagery and lyrical quality of her poetry.
Born in a Bengali family in Hyderabad, Naidu was educated in Madras, London and Cambridge. Following her time in England, where she worked as a suffragist, she was drawn to Indian National Congress’ movement for India’s independence from British rule. She became a part of the Indian nationalist movement and became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and his idea of swaraj. She was appointed the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and later became the Governor of the United Provinces in 1947, becoming the first woman to hold the office of Governor in the Dominion of India.
Naidu’s poetry includes both children’s poems and others written on more serious themes including patriotism, romance, and tragedy. Published in 1912, “In the Bazaars of Hyderabad” remains one of her most popular poems. She was married to Govindarajulu Naidu, a general physician, and had five children with him. She died of a cardiac arrest on 2 March 1949.
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